What Companies Are In The Capital Goods Field: Find Out Here

Capital goods encompass all those equipment, buildings and facilities that are used by a company to produce and offer all its products or services. If we are talking about businesses that operate internationally, capital assets are all the expenses that companies have while they are operating, including office maintenance (rent, stationery) and employee uniforms. In this post, we will take a look at capital goods, the difference between capital and intermediate goods and some of the biggest companies in the capital goods field. Let’s get started.

What Companies Are In The Capital Goods Field: All You Need To Know

What is the importance of capital goods?

Capital goods are an important factor in the economic development of a company, these financed structures are positioned within the group of expenses that a company has annually. When the goods are used for a long period of time, such as any material thing, they suffer damage, at the moment they are defective they must be replaced or repaired, the cost of these modifications means a primary expense for the development of a business.

Capital goods are critical for any country’s economy and are among the pillars of the manufacturing sector of developed economies. They are man-made and used in the manufacture of other goods and services.

Remember that to develop economic activity and produce goods and services that satisfy our needs, it is essential to comply with some basic elements, such as resources and production factors.

Capital goods are tangible goods that come from nature and are produced in one company and converted, by others, into consumer goods or services. 

Finally, remember that a capital good (facilities, machinery, tools, etc.) is a good used by a company or business to help another business produce consumer goods. These consumer goods (food, appliances, clothing, cars, among others) have no future productivity once they are used by consumers.

The more capital goods you have reduces consumption in the short term, but, at the same time, this can lead to better or higher standards of living in the economy.

What is the difference between capital goods and intermediate goods?

Several factors are involved in the production process. Both types of goods, capital goods and intermediate goods, are present in all production processes.

The duration of a good or a piece of equipment does not depend on the production cycles, therefore, its life span is longer. Intermediate goods undergo a further transformation before they can be turned into goods for consumption.

What are the characteristics of capital goods?

Capital goods need to be used while keeping other production factors in mind. During this process, manufacturers need to be mindful of the technical limitations of the materials and the manufacturing equipment.

Also consider its qualitative capacity, that is, the quality and characteristics of the products produced.

Once installed, they will serve for a number of years and not just for one production cycle.

You must bear in mind that equipment is depreciated due to the time of use or due to the appearance of new technologies.

What are the functions of capital goods?

They are an important part of a production process and belong to what is known as “physical capital”. This, together with human capital, are the ones that start the process of wealth accumulation.

Capital goods form a major chunk of the capital required for the production of goods and services. In order to gain access to the appropriate means for their production activities, companies invest heavily in this process.

Economic development and an increase in the production of goods often go hand in hand. This production reveals that there is the possibility of having its own technology that allows the production of manufactured goods with a higher added value than raw materials.

The activity of manufacturing goods or products with added value, in addition to generating large volumes of employment and investment, is usually accompanied by the development of a strong financial sector to support their activities as well as other ancillary services.

What is the classification of goods and services?

Capital goods

They are goods that are used to make other goods and services. These manufactured goods are used to produce a wide variety of goods and services within an economy.

Intermediate goods

These goods are not available for direct commercial use and need to be transformed by companies before consumers can use them. That is to say, it is the raw material that when transformed, other consumer or capital goods are obtained.

Consumer goods

These goods, as the name suggests, are goods that are ready for consumption. These goods can be used directly by consumers. 

What are some common capital goods?

Some of the most commonly mentioned parts of a firm’s capital goods include heavy machines (excavators, vehicles, etc.), office supplies (computers, printers), among others, which are characterized by requiring a large investment but their use can be postponed for many years. In this way, all the products that are used for the manufacture of a final product can be defined as capital goods, in other words, they are not produced for the consumption of its employees but are tools to generate more goods and services. Thanks to the possession of capital goods, you have the opportunity to maintain a return on the money spent on that material. Since they are elements destined to continue the lucrative process of a company thus increasing financial capital, a synonym for capital goods is the term “ fixed asset ”, since it is considered as an asset that generates more assets.

Which are some companies in the capital goods field?

Honeywell International

Honeywell International, otherwise referred to as Honeywell, is a company in the manufacturing industry founded in 1885. This company specializes in producing a variety of different products, including those for the aerospace, automotive, chemical and industrial control sectors.


3M is a company founded in 1902 that specializes in creating and producing a variety of consumer goods. It’s a conglomerate that’s headquartered in Minnesota and specializes in producing adhesives, laminates, abrasives, window films, paint protection films and more.

Lockheed Martin

Lockheed Martin is a company in the aerospace and defense industry founded in 1995. The company, which is considered one of the biggest companies in aerospace, military support and security and technology, specializes in producing strike weapons, fire sensors, air missiles and a variety of other defense weapons.

Union Pacific

Union Pacific, founded in 1862, is a company in the transportation and logistics industry that creates chemicals, coal, agricultural products, automotive products and intermodal products.

Northrop Grumman

Northrop Grumman is a company in the aerospace and defense industry founded in 1939. The company specializes in creating military aircraft, aerial vehicles, chain guns, autocannons, munitions, satellites, rocket launch systems, stealth bombers, electronic systems and other land and space defense products and equipment.  

General Electric

General Electric, otherwise known as “GE,” is a company in the manufacturing industry founded in 1892. A conglomerate headquartered in both Boston and New York, GE serves several sectors, including the aviation, power, renewable energy and health care sectors.


ABB Limited, otherwise known as ABB, is a company in the energy, mining and utility industry founded in 1898. The company focuses on producing control products, cable systems, circuit breakers, switches and other electronic equipment.  

United Rentals Inc.

United Rentals Inc. is a company in the construction and facilities services industry founded in 1997. This company, which is considered the largest equipment rental company in the world, has locations in 49 states and one in each province in Canada. 


Founded in 1916, Boeing is a company in the aerospace and defense industry. This company is the largest aerospace company in the world and is organized into three separate business units: defense, space and security, commercial planes and global services.

Caterpillar Inc.

Caterpillar Inc., otherwise referred to as Caterpillar or CAT, is a company in the construction industry founded in 1925. This company specializes in creating and producing construction and mining equipment gas engines, gas turbines and diesel-electric locomotives.

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